Silla Kingdom

The year of 57BC marks the beginning of the Silla Kingdom. Together with the Goguryeo and Baekje, Silla was the third of the Three States Era, controlling the southeastern region of the Korean peninsula for 1000 years. Fostered dramatic development in the sciences, mathematics, culture and religion.

Cheomseongdae is one of the world’s oldest surviving observatories, provides us a glimpse of Silla interest in science and scientific technology. Structures and edifices of Silla temples and stone towers are extraordinarily well balanced and show early advances in dynamics and mathematics. Grotto at Bulguksa temple remarkable proportions of hexagons, octagons, squares, applied trigonometry. The parthenon, Seokguram grotto shows beauty and elegance, with more optimal proportions.

Silla people could rightly boast of their metallurgy techniques. Representative case is the Banggangsayusang. Mysterious smile hinting at sadnesscurves knots rhythmical formative arts of Korean Buddhism are widely praised for their virtuosity, even compared with those of japan and China. Thanks to Silla’s highly developed printing and paper making technology, Daedharanigyeong, the “Dharani sutra”,9 the oldest book printed by wooden type plates in Korea is also the world’s oldest.

Silla Kingdom endured for more than 1000 years. Hwarang10, was an elite group of male youth responsible for the dynasty’s endurance. Taught in the educational principles of loyalty, filial piety, fidelity, bravery, and humanity. Hwarang were nurtured as political and military elite members and came to play a great role in eventually unifying the three states and managing the emerging dynasty.

After the unification, Silla stabilized and began a brisk trade with foreign countries. Silla’s seaborne trade in the east asian region was led by general Jang Bogo, who established the Cheonghaejin naval base on wando island and from there rid the waters of pirates.

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