The second laureate,Phonogrammarchiv

Ever since its foundation in 1899 the Phonogrammarchiv has taken many initiatives to develop audio preservation, and to assist in the development or the improvement of similar institutions worldwide. Early co-operation resulted in the foundation of the Phonogrammarchiv der Universitat Zurich (1908) and joint projects with the Berlin Phonogrammarchiv before and during the First World War.

In the late 1920s the Phonogrammarchiv was instrumental in setting up collections in Zagreb, at the Royal Dutch Academy in Amsterdam, and in Rome (Discoteca di Stato). This co-operation has been continued in a systematic way from the mid-1970s onwards, when members from the archive became engaged in consulting audiovisual collections in Europe and worldwide.

At that time, the Phonogrammarchiv also embarked on the foundation of, or co-operation with international groups working on audiovisual preservation, eg IASA Technical Committee, Audio
Engineering Society (AES) Subcommittee on Audio Preservation and Restoration, and within UNESCO.

The Phonogrammarchiv has substantially contributed to the advancement of audiovisual archiving. One of the most significant contributions was its early advocacy for the paradigm shift in audio preservation from around 1990 onwards – namely to preserve the content by subsequent migration instead of pursuing the permanent preservation of the original carriers, which had to be given up for audio and video documents. In contrast to the extremely expensive Digital Mass Storage Systems employed since 1992 by Radio Sound Archives and National Archives, the archive
developed a low-cost workflow for a small-scale manual approach to digital audio archiving, well-suited for developing countries under unfavourable climatic and financial conditions.

The Phonogrammarchiv is also widely involved in training for audiovisual preservation. More recently seminars took place in Europe, China, Singapore, Central Asia, Ethiopia, the Caribbean and Mexico. Engaged in these training activities are Nadja Wallaszkovits, Franz Pavuza, Franz  echleitner and Dietrich Schuller.

Leave A Comment

You must be logged in to post a comment.

This site is protected by Comment SPAM Wiper.