Jeonju, City of Culture
Jeonju, located on the southwestern of Korea, is a unique city where you meet the legacy of its 1300 years history, represented by the rich tradition and cultural heritage, co-existing peacefully with the modern day cutting edge technology.
Jeonju Hanok Village
How it was formed
Hanok Village was on the Jeonju River-side outside West Gate, which is near present-day Daga-dong. The area was where Japanese people who flooded into Jeonju after the Eulsa Treaty (1905, between Japan and Joseon) mainly resided. Areas outside the West Gate were mostly inhabited by lower-class people or merchants. There were clear distinctions between classes at that time, and the city walls served as the dividing line. However, in 1907, the western part of the city walls was demolished to make way for the Whole Army Highway, and used for mass transportation of grain.
The complete demolition of Eastern part of the city walls in late 1991, except for the South Gate, marked the end of Jeonju City. This provided a new opportunity for Japanese to enter the city, and, as a result, many Japanese merchants who once kept shops near the West Gate advanced into Daga-dong and Jungang-dong. Because of a program of “City Suburb Revision” that took place in Jeonju 3 times before 1934, the streets in Jeonju took on a grid pattern, gradually forming major commercial areas. Japanese merchants formed the biggest commercial area in Jeonju, and this trend was continued until 1945.
For several years after 1930, Koreans started to build Hanok Village throughout the PungNam-dong(one precinct in Jeonju) and Gyo-dong(south of Pungnamdong) area, mainly as a reaction to the continued expansion of Japanese influence. Hanok areas in Gyo-dong and PungNam-dong built in the 1930s, showed clear contrast with the Japanese style, and displayed some odd city color, as they included Western style missionary houses, schools and churches nearby. Looking over from Omokdae, a place where Yi Seong-gye(the first King of Joseon, reigned 1392∼1398) celebrated the victory over Japan in 1390, the Hanok Village in Gyo-dong and Pungnam-dong shows majestic ridges of octagonal roofs with beautiful round lines and shapes.
More information : http://jeonju.go.kr
① Jeonju Hanok Living Experience Center
Jeonju Hanok Living Experience Center is located in the Hanok Village. You can experience the Korean traditional living place, especially that of Joseon Dynasty(1392-1910), including doors made of tarditional Korean papers, rooms heated with traditional Ondol, and Daechung floors. The Hanok Living Center hosts various programs such ad Korean classical music appreciation, traditional instrument concerts, and Korean classical music lessons, both paid and free. The activity venue is divided into two sections, Danyoungwon(Apache, the main building of Hanok) and Sehwagwan(Sarangchae, the men’s room of Hanok). you can feel and enjoy the ligestyle and wisdom of our ancestors while learning and enjoying the Korean traditional culture!
* More infromation: http://www.jjhanok.com
② Jeonju Traditional Liquor Museum
Jeonju Traditional Liquor Museum displays and sells the Korean traditional wines. You can watch the traditional wine-making process and make your own wines, too.
* More information: http://hanok.jeonju.go.kr
③ Jeonju Craftworks Exibition Hall
Jeonju Craftworks Exhibition Hall is a total cultural complex consisting of a craftworks gallery, a specialized art gallery, an experience gallery where you can experience craftworks, a Myeongjang(craftsman) gallery where you can enjoy traditional tea while shopping for the Myeongjang’s craftworks, and a Living Craftworks Shop where you can shop for living craftworks of today and th past.
* More information: http://www.omokdae.com
④ Jeonju Traditional Hanji Center
You can experience the making process of Hanji(Korean traditinal paper) learning from the traditional mulberry paper manufacturer.