Jikji in the world

JIKJI was inscribed on Memory of the World Register, UNESCO with Gutenberg’s 42-line Bible on the same day. By this, this book is not only Korean’s heritage but the world’s heritage. Eventually, the world recognized the value of this book. In this chapter, we tell you the influence to civilization of this book and the value as world heritage. And the world leader and scholars tell you great value of movable metal type.

Jikji was inscribed on UNESCO’s the Memory of the World
The proposal of JIKJI for Inscription on the Memory of the World was suggested during the 1996 seminar of UNESCO Chungcheong Province Association for the first time. The conclusion of this seminar was that Cheongju city should propose inscription of Jikji as the Memory of the World Register, because it was printed in it. 

Jikji was printed with movable metal type in 1377 which was 78 years earlier than the Gutenberg’s 42-line bible and 145 years earlier than China’s Chunchubeonro. Consequently, Jikji has more value than two of them as documentary heritage. 

Hence, Cheongju city, the Early Printing Museum of Cheongju, UNESCO Korea Committee and UNESCO Chungcheong Province Association cooperated and submitted Jikji as the Memory of the World. Jikji was examined during 2001 5th International Counsel Committee session. By three organizations’ efforts, it was inscribed on the Memory of the World Register in Sep 4th, 2001.

Memory of the World Programme 


This programme aiming at preservation and dissemination of documentary heritages and library collections. UNESCO established the Memory of the World Programme in 1992. Impetus came originally from a growing awareness of the parlous state of preservation of, and access to, documentary heritage in various parts of the world.

The Memory of the World Register lists documentary heritage which has been identified by the International Advisory Committee in its meetings in Tashkent (September 1997), in Vienna (June 1999), in Cheongju City (June 2001), in Gdansk (August 2003) and in Lijiang (June 2005) and endorsed by the Director-General of UNESCO as corresponding to the selection criteria for world significance.

The selection basis of Memory of the World is as follows: The first basis is 1) Influence, 2)Time, 3)Place, 4)People, 5)Subject, 6)Theme, 7)Form and Style, Social Value and the second basis is 1)Integrity, 2)Rarity. The registered heritages satisfying this selection bases and approved by International Counsel Committee is permitted to be registered on Memory of the World. 
* Source from UNESCO : Memory of the World website.

What is UNESCO?
UNESCO is the specialized institution of the UN for the purpose of the forever peace by promoting international understanding and cooperation in the field such as education, science, culture and communication. Human beings were aware of that, through the past 2 world wars, the direct reason for wars was not political, military or economic conflicts between countries, but intellectual, cultural conflicts from each nation’s distrusts and prejudices. 

As a result, human beings believed that the intellectual elevation and the promotion of mutual understanding were a basis for the peace, and thus UNESCO was established for the purpose of promoting international peace and human beings’ welfare, which is declared by the UN Charter, under the mindset that peace should be constructed on human beings’ intellectual and moral association.

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