Heritages of Seoul

Changdeokgung Palace
One of palaces built during the Joseon Dynasty(1392-1910) is Changdeokgung Palace. Changdeokgung Palace has been well preserved and remains near its original form. The Palace is well known for its beautiful garden, called Biwon, with its various pavilions, ponds, and trees. It is so beautiful, in fact, that the Palace was registered as UNESCO World Heritage in 1997.

Jongmyo Shrine
It is confucius Shrine where Kings and Queens of the Joseon Dynasty and their ancestral tablets were kept and It was built in 16C. Descendants are still holds annual rite at here just the way ancient Koreans prepared for their ancestors once a year. That’s why Jongmyo is called the only place where Confucius rites and memorial ceremonies are held in the world. The Joseon Dynasty name was derived from the first Korean kingdom, Gojoseon(B.C. 2333~108) and was established at the Korean peninsula in 1392.

Royal Tombs of the Joseon Dynasty
There are 44 royal tombs of Kings and Queens of the Joseon Dynasty which lasted 519 years in Seoul which was also its capital. They are scattered in both eastern and western parts of Seoul. These tombs were designed on the basis of Confucian Beliefs which admire ancestors. Royal Tombs are close to burial site. There are forest and grass fields where descendants and commoners come and take a rest around tombs.

Jongmyojerye and Jongmyojeryeak, the Royal Ancestral Ritual in the Jongmyo Shrine and its Music
Jongmyo is Confucius Shrine where keeps ancestral tablets of Kings and Queens of the Joseon Dynasty and
memorial services were performed. Jongmyojeryeak means literally the music is performed during Jongmyojerye, memorial services. The lyrics of music mainly contain praises and worshipping to Kings. Dances are also performed during the service.


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