Dokdo Yellow Card

Dokdo Yellow Card: Young Koreans’ yellow cards for Japan’s 10 false claims about Dokdo 

Internationally loved sport

International sports festival
The World Cup

The World Cup used to be held only in Europe and South America. In 1970, Mexico became its first host on a third continent, which was the start of the real globalization of the World Cup.

However, there is another reason that world sports fans remember this world cup.

Two cards in referees’ hands

A yellow card and a red card
- Inventor: Kenneth George Aston
- Purpose: To ensure fair and safe play by allowing referees to use the cards for offences against rules or sportsmanship. 

When a player receives two yellow cards or one red card, the player must leave the game.

We are on a common playing field called “the international community.”
This community is working together to maintain peace and order. 

Japan is committing an offence with its claims of sovereignty over Dokdo. 

Young Koreans have prepared 10 yellow cards for Japan’s so-called “10 Issues of Takeshima.”

Here we will present these 10 yellow cards one by one.

These cards are to give a warning to Japan about their false claims. 

Japan’s 10 Issues of Takeshima (Dokdo)
Young Koreans’ 10 yellow cards

Our First Yellow Card
“There is no evidence that the ROK has long recognized the existence of Takeshima?!?”

This is definitely false!

In good weather, Dokdo is clearly visible from Ulleungdo.  

Ever since people started living in Ulleungdo, Koreans have recognized Dokdo.

Many ancient maps of Korea marked Dokdo with its old name of Usando.  

This is the evidence that Korea has long recognized the existence of Dokdo.

Our Second Yellow Card
“Japan has long recognized the existence of Takeshima?”

This is also false!

Japan presents “the Revised Complete Map of Japanese Lands and Roads” as its evidence.

However, the first edition of this map left Dokdo uncolored, unlike the other parts of Japanese territory. Also, Dokdo was drawn outside of the grid of latitude and longitude lines.

It shows that Japan recognized Dokdo as an area outside of its territory.

Our Third Yellow Card
“Japan established its sovereignty over Takeshima by the mid-17th century?”

Another false claim!

“The Oki Island marks the northwestern boundary of Japan”
From an old Japanese document, “Records on Observations in Oki Province”

This document shows that Japan itself excluded Dokdo from its territory.

Our Fourth Yellow Card
“At the end of the 17th century, Japan prohibited passage of ships to Utsuryo (Ulleungdo) Island, but not to Takeshima (Dokdo).”

An absurd and false claim!

At the time, Japan considered Dokdo an islet attached to Ulleungdo, as indicated in a document from the Otani Family.

Japan thus didn’t even see a need to mention Dokdo.

Our Fifth Yellow Card
“The deposition by Ahn Yong-Bok contains many points that conflict with factual evidence.”

The deposition was based both on Korean and Japanese documents.

Takeshima Kiji
Takeshima Tokai Yuraiki Basho Hikae
Inpu Nenpyo
Takeshima Ko

All these Japanese documents recorded Ahn’s passage to and activities in Japan. 

Our Sixth Yellow Card
“Japan reaffirmed its intention to claim sovereignty over Takeshima by incorporating Takeshima into Shimane Prefecture in 1905.”


In 1905 during the Russo-Japanese War, Japan forcibly incorporated Dokdo into Japan to use it as a logistics base.

Japan’s reasoning for the incorporation at the time of the decision:
Takeshima is an unclaimed land, and thus incorporate it into the jurisdiction of Japan.

Suddenly, Japan changed its argument.
Japan has established the sovereignty of Takeshima since the beginning of the Edo Period, and we are now only reaffirming our sovereignty.

If Japan has long established its sovereignty over Dokdo, it is a contradiction that it later considered Dokdo an unclaimed land.

This shows that Japan eventually realized its own contradiction and changed its argument.

A document issued in 1877 by the Daijokan, then the highest administrative body:
Be assured that either Ulleungdo or Dokdo has no relation to Japan.

Just from this statement, Japan’s claim of reaffirming its sovereignty over Dokdo makes no sense.

Our Seventh Yellow Card
“In the drafting process of the Treaty of Peace with Japan, the United States rejected the request by the ROK that Takeshima be added to the relevant article of the Treaty as one of the areas which Japan would renounce, asserting that Takeshima had been under the jurisdiction of Japan.”


The draft of this treaty had a different perspective until November 1949.

It initially acknowledged Dokdo as a Korean territory.

However, in December, it omitted its mention of Dokdo due to Japanese lobbying.

As a peninsula country, Korea has many small islands and islets.

However, this document omitted the names of islands that are even bigger than Dokdo.

Nevertheless, all these islands and islets still belong to Korea.

Using this document for its justification is quite absurd.

Our Eighth Yellow Card
“In 1952, Takeshima was designated as one of the areas for maritime exercises and training for the U.S. Forces stationed in Japan, which shows that Takeshima was treated as part of the territory of Japan.”


Dokdo was a major fishing area for Korean fishermen.

However, Japan found a way to make its claim of sovereignty over Dokdo.

Japan influenced the U.S. decision to use Dokdo as a bombing range for the U.S. Forces.

It caused significant damage to Korean fishermen working around Dokdo.

If Dokdo was its territory, Japan would have put more effort into protecting local fishermen.

It probably wouldn’t have let the U.S. forces harm the beautiful natural environment of Dokdo.

Our Ninth Yellow Card
“The ROK is illegally occupying Takeshima?”


Korea had established its sovereignty over Dokdo long before Japan incorporated it into Shimane Prefecture in 1905.

After Japan’s surrender in WWII, Korea regained its national sovereignty.

Since then, Korea has legitimately exercised its sovereignty over Dokdo.

Every year, over 100 thousand tourists visit Dokdo from Korea.

Our Tenth Yellow Card
“Although Japan proposed to the ROK that the dispute over Takeshima be referred to the International Court of Justice, the ROK rejected this proposal?!?”


Dokdo has long been a Korean territory, except for the short period of time when Korea lost its national sovereignty to Japan.

There is absolutely no reason for us to take this issue to the International Court of Justice.

It may only make the wrong impression that Korea has not established its sovereignty.

It will only create the wrong image of Dokdo as a contested region between Korea and Japan. That is actually Japan’s intention behind the proposal.

Japan is illegitimately promoting Dokdo as a Japanese territory.
This only proves that Japan still lives with its imperialistic ambitions. It is against our common goal of peaceful coexistence.

Japan continues to make and promote false claims.
Some are outright lies! 

We should take action!
We have these yellow cards based on historical facts and logic.

Someday, the international community will recognize our effort to protect peace in Northeast Asia. 

It will support our side.

We use our yellow cards under the fair play rules.

Our yellow cards are shields to protect world peace against the revival of neo-imperialism.

VANK is looking for young Koreans who will correct wrong information about Korea.

Together we will protect Dokdo.

Dokdo itself says who it belongs to, Korea.

Dokdo symbolizes a sad part of our history and the center of our deep desire for peace. 

The heart of Korea, the owner of these yellow cards 

Be proud! That’s you.

Share This Post


You must be logged in to post a comment Login